East Germany's Economic Development since Unification: Domestic and Global Aspects - Studies in Economic Transition Hardback Jens Holscher £99.99 Hardback. Kaser, M. 1998 ‘The Eastern Lander as a Transition Economy’ in J. Holscher and A. Hochberg eds, East Germany’s Economic Development since Unification: Domestic and Global Aspects London: Macmillan, pp. 53-78. CrossRef Google Scholar.
East Germany had a command economy similar to the economic system in the Soviet Union and other Comecon member states in contrast to the market economies or mixed economies of capitalist states. The state established production targets and prices and also allocated resources, codifying these decisions in comprehensive plans. The unification of Germany is one of the most wrenching and dramatic transitions in economic history. A policy issue of worldwide interest, it holds key lessons for the remaining post-socialist. Economic Effects. After reunification, there were many economic effects that occurred. First, there were initial obstacles such as the need for restructuring businesses from East Germany. The clarification of ownership rights, originally private property was one of the fundamental keys for capitalism in West Germany, but East Germany would break down the rights of private property.
1998c, 'Economic Aspects of German Unification: Lessons for European Integration', in Jens Holscher and Anja Hochberg Eds, East Germany's Economic Development: Domestic and Global Aspects, Macmillan, Basingstoke. Holscher,Jens and Anja Hochberg, eds., East Germany's Economic Development Since Unification: Domestic and Global Aspects New York: St Martin's Press, 1998 Review by Jeffrey J. Anderson 159 Brigitte Young, Triumph of the Fatherland. German Unification and the Marginalizfltion of Women Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1999.
Feb 12, 2020 · Germany's ascent to becoming a global economic power—known as the "German economic miracle" or Wirtschaftswunder—had its origins at the end of World War II when much of the country was in ruins. The economy, 1870–90 The empire was founded toward the end of two decades of rapid economic expansion, during which the German states surpassed France in steel production and railway building. By 1914 Germany was an industrial giant second only to the United States.
scaled to the experience of East and West Germany as discussed below. We focus on assessing the dynamics of adjustment and convergence process of the Korean economy, compared to the experience of Germany, depending on assumption on economic policies adopted by the unified Korea after unification. The organization of this paper is as follows. German reunification German: Deutsche Wiedervereinigung was the process in 1990 in which the German Democratic Republic GDR, colloquially East Germany; German: Deutsche Demokratische Republik/DDR became part of the Federal Republic of Germany FRG, colloquially West Germany; German: Bundesrepublik Deutschland/BRD to form the reunited nation of Germany, as provided by. Germany - Germany - The era of partition: Following the German military leaders’ unconditional surrender in May 1945, the country lay prostrate. The German state had ceased to exist, and sovereign authority passed to the victorious Allied powers. The physical devastation from Allied bombing campaigns and from ground battles was enormous: an estimated one-fourth of the country’s housing was. Nov 07, 2014 · Gross Domestic Product per capita in former East Germany has more than doubled over the past 25 years but remains at about two-thirds of the level of the old federal states of West Germany.
A lot has changed in Berlin, and throughout eastern Germany, since November of 1989, when a G.D.R. bureaucrat flubbed a question about new travel regulations on live television, making it sound. Germany's integration with East Germany. However, this paper primarily examines China- Taiwan Unification from a more global perspective encompassing the economic and other.
Since the unification in 1975, economic growth was identified as the most important factor in the strategic development of Vietnam. However, the first decade following the end of the war with the US was one in which the Cold War had a significant impact upon the Vietnam economy. Economic Growth and Development Chinese Economy Economic Transition Asian Economies. Dr Sarah Y Tong is Senior Research Fellow at the East Asian Institute. She obtained her Ph.D. in Economics from the University of California at San Diego and held an academic position in the University of Hong Kong before joining NUS.
Jul 01, 2004 · Since the 1990s, analysts have pointed to Germany's ongoing need for immigrants to bolster economic development and maintain a dynamic workforce, given the rapid aging of the country's population. However, a process of policy review that began in 2001 with a government commission's report on immigration and integration policy only recently overcame legislative gridlock. Jan 01, 2017 · The APR has always attracted close attention from researchers. Some studies on the APR separated the region by economic and political integrity from other regions of the world. These studies also stated that the future belongs to Asia and that the center of world economic policy has moved to the East, particularly the APR. This compelling volume re-examines the topic of economic growth in Europe after the Second World War. The contributors approach the subject armed not only with new theoretical ideas, but also with the experience of the 1980s on which to draw. The analysis is based on both applied economics and on economic history. Thus, while the volume is greatly informed by insights from growth theory.
|Eight years after the unification of Germany, the book provides a comprehensive and much needed assessment of the transition process in the East, its impact on the German economy as a whole and the important broader lessons for European integration and enlargement.||The first book in the Studies in Economic Transition series applies the theory of economic development to the economy of East Germany. Eight years after the unification of Germany, the book provides a comprehensive and much needed assessment of the transition process in the East, its impact on the German economy as a whole and the important broader lessons for European.||East Germany's economic development since unification: domestic and global aspects. [Jens Hölscher; Anja Hochberg;] -- Applies the theory of economic development to the economy of East Germany and assesses the transition process in the East, its impact on the German economy as a whole and the important broader.||Summary: The first book in the Studies in Economic Transition series applies the theory of economic development to the economy of East Germany. The unique economic experiment of the unification of the German economies provided an excellent opportunity for different schools of economic theory to be tested and examined.|
Apr 13, 2019 · Abstract. Economic globalization has increasingly affected countries across the world, through participation in global value chains GVCs and helping to lift over one billion human beings out of extreme poverty since 1990. As East Germany collapsed into disorganization, it became increasingly clear that the only way to stabilize the state was for West Germany to absorb the former communist territory. One of the main sticking points of re-unification, however, was that if East Germany joined the Federal Republic it would become a part of NATO. The Soviet Union. Mar 01, 2017 · This paper investigates the asymmetric relationship between energy consumption and economic growth by incorporating financial development, capital and labour into a production function covering the Indian economy from 1960Q 1 –2015Q 4.The nonlinear autoregressive distributed lag bounds testing approach is applied to examine the asymmetric cointegration between the variables. Aug 25, 2006 · Hitchner, 2003, p. 398. This unification promoted trade and economic development. A millennium and a half later, at the end of the fifteenth century, the voyages of Columbus, Vasco da Gama, and other explorers initiated a period of trade over even vaster distances.
Following the establishment of separate governments of East and West Germany at the end of World War II WWII, the two Germanys embarked on very different political and economic development paths. East Germany was the most successful of the Eastern Bloc economies but still lagged behind West Germany’s rapid economic ascendancy. By Ana Maria Santacreu, Economist, and Heting Zhu, Senior Research Associate. South Korea has experienced one of the largest economic transformations of the past 60 years. It started as an agriculture-based economy in the 1960s, 1 and it became the 11th largest economy in the world in terms of gross domestic product GDP in 2016. 2 How did the industrialization miracle take place? The paper wants to shed light on the phenomenon of internal migration in Germany after the fall of the iron curtain. Since German reunification, the eastern part of Germany lost a large share of its population due to internal migration. Whereas in the beginning, departures were spread evenly over all age and educational groups and were accompanied by a significant counter-stream, in the course. Jul 10, 2019 · In the 1960s, the city-state of Singapore was an undeveloped country with a GDP per capita of less than U.S. $320. Today, it is one of the world's fastest-growing economies. Its GDP per capita has risen to an incredible U.S. $60,000, making it one of the strongest economies in the world. Since unification, Germany has seen annual average real growth of only about 1.5% and stubbornly high unemployment. In 2006, Germany had its best year since 2000 with 2.7% growth; for 2007, growth was at 2.5% despite a 3 percentage point VAT hike at the beginning of the year. The government forecasts 1.7% growth in GDP for 2008.
An extensive literature in economic history studies the determinants of aggregate migration flows, drawing either on national time series e.g., Hatton, 1995 for the UK; Hatton and Williamson, 1998 for Ireland or provincial differences in emigration rates e.g., Hatton and Williamson, 1998 for Ireland and Italy; Sanchez-Alonso, 2000 for Spain. Jun 01, 1990 · Explains 1 the post-Cold War advent of a world security regime in which "the Big Three of economics" USA, Europe, Japan "supplant the Big Two of nuclear competition" 2 the economic bloc rivalries that this must inevitably bring with it, and the sorts of instability that might ensue. Suggests various internal reforms and external initiatives which might serve to reduce these.
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